The Australian & New Zealand Scene
by John Fennell, with supplementary information by Derek Leach.

Oval Country Plates - A List Of Codes.

Below you will find a table with all national oval plates that have been used according to my literature.  Starting and ending years are given, but they are mostly approximate, and sometimes not-so-very approximate!  In some cases I have no idea at all, in that case no year is given but simply a question mark.

Note that some countries changed marks at some point in time.  Don't be surprised to find old marks used quite a few years longer than indicated, and indeed some are even used today.

Further, starting years are not always the year the mark was first used, but sometimes the year it first became official - see DDR.  In addition, you must be aware that there are vehicles with marks not on this list.  I have seen ECO and SCO for Scotland and FR for Friesland in the Netherlands.  Those are definitely not official!

Note also, some marks indicate the political stateform, whenever this changes you might find a change of mark!  For the marks that are not immediately clear I have given an indication as to how it was derived.


A---Austria (1910-)
ABW---Aruba (?)
ADN---Peoples Democratic Yemen (Aden, 1938-?, see YE)
AFG---Afghanistan (1971-)
AL---Albania (1934-)
AM---Armenia (?)
AN---Angola (?)
AND---Andorra (1957-)
ANT---Antigua (?)
AS---Saudi Arabia (Al-Arabiya Al Saudiya, ?-74, see SA)
ASM---American Samoa (?)
AUS---Australia (1954-)
AZ---Azerbaijan (?)
B---Belgium (1910-)
BA---Burma (1937-56, see BUR)
BD---Bangladesh (1978-)
BDS---Barbados (1956-)
BG---Bulgaria (1910-)
BH---Belize (British Honduras, 1938-?, see BZ)
BI---British India (1912-47, see IND and PAK)
BiH---Bosnia and Herzegovina (?)
BL---Basutoland (1935-67, see LS)
BM---Bermuda (?)
BOL---Bolivia (1967?-)
BP---Bophuthatswana (Bechuanaland Protectorate) (1935-67, see ZA)
BR---Brazil (1930-)
BRG---British Guyana (1954-72, see GUY)
BRN---Bahrain (1954-)
BRU---Brunei (1956-)
BS---British Somaliland (1935-66?, see SP)
BS---Bahamas (1950-)
BT---Bhutan (?)
BUR---Myanmar (Burma, 1956-)
BVI---British Virgin Islands (?)
BY---Belarus (Byelorussia, 1992-)
BZ---Belize (?)
C---Cuba (1930-)
CA---Canada (1952?-56, see CDN)
CAM---Cameroon (1953?-82?, see RUC)
CB---Belgian Congo (Congo Belge, 1931-60, see KAT, RCL and RU)
CDN---Canada (origin unknown, 1956-)
CFS---French Somaliland (Côte Française des Somalis, ?-?, see SO)
CGO---Congo Kinshasa (1970?-72, see ZR)
CH---Switzerland (Confoederatio Helvetica, 1911-)
CI---Ivory Coast (Côte d'Ivoire, 1961-)
CL---Sri Lanka (Ceylon, 1932-)
CN---People's Republic of China (?)
CNB---Borneo (Colony of North Borneo, 1955-63, see PTM)
CO---Colombia (1952-)
CPV---Cape Verde Islands (?)
CR---Costa Rica (1956-)
CS---Czechoslovakia (1922-?, see CZ and SK)
CU---Curacao (1936-57, see NA)
CY---Cyprus (1932-)
CZ---Czechoslovakia (?)
D---Germany (1910-)
DA---Danzig (1922-39, see D)
DDR---East German (Deutsche Demokratische Republik, 1974-89, see D)
DK---Danmark (1914-)
DOM---Dominican Republic (1952-)
DY---Benin (Dahomey, 1961-78?, see RPB)
DZ---Algeria (Al Djazair, 1963-)
E---Spain (España, 1910-)
EA---British East Africa (1932-38, see EAK, EAN, EAT, EAU and EAZ)
EAK---Kenya (East Africa Kenya, 1938-78?, see KE)
EAN---Nyasaland (East Africa Nyasaland) (1938-38, see NP)
EAT---Tanzania (East Africa Tanganyika, 1938-)
EAU---Uganda (East Africa Uganda, 1938-)
EAZ---Tanzania (East Africa Zanzibar, 1938-64, see EAT)
EC---Ecuador (1962-)
EIR---Ireland (Éire, 1938-62, see IRL)
EQ---Ecuador (Equador, 1952-62, see EC)
ES---El Salvador (1978?-)
ET---Egypt (1927-)
ETH---Ethiopia (1964-)
EW---Estonia (Eesti Vabariik, 1930-40 + 1991-)
F---France (1910-)
FIF---French India (France Inde Français, 1925-30, see BI)
FIN---Finland (1993-)
FJI---Fiji (1971-)
FL---Liechtenstein (Fürstentum Liechtenstein, 1923-)
FLK---Falkland Islands (?)
FM---Federated Malay States (1932-58, see MAL)
FR---Faroe Islands (1976-)
G---Guatemala (1952-56, see GCA)
G---Gabon (1974-)
GB---United Kingdom (Great Britain, 1910-)
GBA---United Kingdom: Alderney (1924-)
GBG---United Kingdom: Guernsey (1924-)
GBJ---United Kingdom: Jersey (1924-)
GBM---United Kingdom: Isle of Man (1932-)
GBY---United Kingdom: Malta (1924-66, see M)
GBZ---United Kingdom: Gibraltar (1924-)
GCA---Guatemala (Guatemala Central America, 1956-)
GE---Georgia (1992-)
GF---French Guyana (Guyana Française, ?-)
GH---Ghana (1959-)
GM---Guam (?)
GR---Greece (1913-)
GRL---Greenland (?)
GUY---Guyana (1972-)
H---Hungary (1910-)
HK---Hong Kong (1932-)
HKJ---Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan (1966-)
HO---Honduras (?)
HR---Croatia (Hrvatska, ?-)
HV---Upper Volta (Haute Volta, 1961-78?, see RHV)
I---Italy (1910-)
IL---Israel (1952-)
IN---Dutch Indies/Indonesia (1930-55, see RI)
IND---India (1947-)
IR---Iran (1936-)
IRL---Ireland (1962-)
IRQ---Iraq (1930-)
IS---Iceland (Ísland, 1936-)
J---Japan (1964-)
JA---Jamaica (1932-)
JO---Johore (1932-48, see FM)
JOR---Jordan (1955-66, see HKJ)
K---Kampuchea (1956-)
KAT---Katanga (1960-62, see ZR)
KAZ---Kazakhstan (1992-)
KD---Kedah (1932-48, see FM)
KE---Kenya (1978?-)
KIR---Kiribati (?)
KGZ---Kyrgyz Republic (1992-)
KL---Kelantan (1932-48, see FM)
KO---Korea (north, ?-)
KT---Kuwait (1952?-54, see KWT)
KWT---Kuwait (1954-)
L---Luxembourg (1911-)
LAO---Laos (1959-)
LAR---Libya (Libian Arab Republic, 1972-)
LB---Liberia (1967-)
LR---Latvia (Latvija Republik, 1927-40, see SU)
LS---Lesotho (1967-)
LSA---Lebanon, Syria & Alaouites (1929-31, see SL)
LT---Libya (Tripolitania) (1960-71, see LAR)
LT---Lithuania (1925-40 + 1991-)
LV---Latvia (1991-)
M---Israel (Palestine Mandate/Medinat Ysrael, 1930-48, see IL)
M---Malta (1966-)
MA---Morocco (Al Magrib, 1924-)
MAC---Macao (?)
MAL---Malaysia (1967-)
MAR---Martinique (?)
MC---Monaco (1910-)
MD---Moldova (1992-)
ME---Spanish Morocco (Marruecos Español, 1935-52, see MA)
MEX---Mexico (1952-)
MK---Macedonia (?)
MN---Montenegro (1913-18, see Y)
MNG---Mongolia (?)
MOC---Mocambique (1932-56 + 1975-)
MS---Mauritius (1938-)
MT---Tanger (Morocco Tanger, 1933-56, see MA)
MU---Mauritania (?-64, see RIM)
MW---Malawi (1965-)
N---Norway (1922-)
NA---Dutch Antilles (Netherlands Antilles, 1957-)
NAU---Nauru (1968?-)
NDH---Croatia (Nesavisna Država Hrvatska, 1941-45, see Y)
NEP---Nepal (1970?-)
NF---New Foundland (1938-49, see CA)
NGN---Netherlands New Guinea (1955-63, see RI)
NIC---Nicaragua (1952-)
NIG---Niger (1961-80, see RN)
NL---The Netherlands (1910-)
NP---Nyasaland (Nyasaland Protectorate, 1938-60, see RNY)
NR---Northern Rodesia (1938-60, see RNR)
NZ---New Zealand (1958-)
OM---Oman (?)
P---Portugal (1912-)
PA---Panama (1952-)
PAK---Pakistan (1947-?, see PK)
PAN---Angola (Portuguese Angola, 1932-56, see AN)
PE---Peru (1937-)
PI---Phillippines (Pilipinas, 1952-78?, see RP)
PK---Pakistan (?)
PL---Poland (1921-)
PNG---Papua New Guinea (1978?-)
PR---Persia (1933-36, see IR)
PR---Puerto Rico (?-?, see USA)
PS---Perlis (1933-48, see FM)
PTM---Malaysia (Persekutuan Tanah Malaysia, 1958-67, see MAL)
PY---Paraguay (1952-)
Q---Qatar (1972-)
R---Russia (1910-26, see SU)
R---Romania (1930-81, see RO)
RA---Argentina (Republica Argentina, 1927-)
RB---Bolivia (Republica Bolivia, 1963-67, see BOL)
RB---Botswana (Republic Botswana, 1967-)
RC---Taiwan (Republic China, 1932-)
RCA---Central African Republic (République Centrafricain, 1962-)
RCB---Congo Brazzaville (République Congo Brazzaville, 1962-)
RCH---Chile (Republica Chili, 1930-)
RCL---Congo Leopoldville (République) (1960-70?, see CGO)
RE---Réunion (?)
RFC---Cameroon (République Federale du Cameroun, ?-)
RG---Guinea (République de Guinée, 1972?-)
RH---Haiti (République Haiti, 1952-)
RHV---Burkina Faso (République Haute Volta, 1978?-)
RI---Indonesia (Republic Indonesia, 1955-)
RIM---Mauritania (République Islamique de Mauritanie, 1964-)
RL---Lebanon (Republic Lebanon, 1952-)
RM---Romania (1912-30, see R)
RM---Malagasy (Repoblika Demokratika Malagasy, 1962-)
RMM---Mali (origin unknown, 1962-)
RN---Niger (Republic Niger, 1978?-)
RNR---Zambia (Republic North Rhodesia, 1960-66, see Z)
RNY---Nyasaland (Republic Nyasaland, 1960-65, see MW)
RO---Romania (1981-)
ROK---South Korea (Republic of south Korea, 1971-)
ROU---Uruguay (Republic of Uruguay, 1978?-)
RP---Phillippines (Republica Pilipinas, 1975-)
RPB---Benin (République Populaire du Bénin, 1978?-)
RSM---Republic of San Marino (1932-)
RSR---Zimbabwe (Republic South Rhodesia, 1960-79, see ZM)
RU---Burundi (Ruanda Urundi, 1960-)
RUC---Cameroon (République Unie du Cameroun, 1982?-?, see RFC)
RUS---Russia (RU also does occur, 1992-)
RWA---Ruanda (1964-)
S---Sweden (1911-)
SA---Saarland (1925-35 + 1945-56, see D)
SA---Saudi Arabia (1972?-)
SAU---South Africa (Suid Afrikaanse Unie, 1933-36, see ZA)
SB---Serbia (1911-18, see SHS)
SCV---Vatican City (Stato della Citta Vatican, ?-?, see V)
SD---Ngwana (Swaziland, 1935-)
SE---Ireland (Saorstát Éireann, 1924-38, see EIR)
SF---Finland (Suomi/Finland, 1921-93, see FIN)
SGP---Singapore (1952-)
SHS---Yugoslavia (Kraljevina Srba, Hrvata i Slovenaca, 1926-36, see Y)
SK---Serawak (1955-63, see PTM)
SK---Slovakia (SQ also does occur, ?-)
SL---Syria and Lebanon (1931-52, see SYR and RL)
SLB---Solomon Islands (?)
SLO---Slovenia (?)
SM---Siam (1930-55, see T and VN)
SME---Surinam (1936-)
SN---Senegal (1962-)
SNB---State of North Borneo (1938-55, see CNB)
SO---Slovakia (1939-45, see CS)
SO---Somalia (1972?-)
SP---Somalia (Somaliya Protectorate, 1966?-72?, see SO)
SR---South Rodesia (1932-60, see RSR)
SS---Straits Settlements (1932-52, see FM and SGP)
SU---Soviet Union (1926-?, see ...)
SUD---Sudan (1963-)
SWA---Namibia (South West Africa, 1935-)
SY---Seychelles (1938-)
SYR---Syria (1952-)
T---Thailand (1955-)
TAD---Tadjikstan (1992-)
TC---Cameroon (Trust de Cameroon, 1932-52, see CAM)
TCH---Chad (Tchad, 1972?-)
TD---Trinidad (1938-64, see TT)
TG---Togo (1962-)
TMN---Turkmenistan (1992-)
TN---Tunisia (1957-)
TO---Tonga (?)
TR---Turkey (1935-)
TS---Trieste (1945-54, see I and YU)
TT---Togo (Truste de Togo, 1932-62, see TG)
TT---Trinidad and Tobago (1964-)
TU---Trengganu (1935-48, see FM)
U---Uruguay (?-78?, see ROU)
UA---Ukraine (1992-)
UAE---United Arab Emirates (?)
USA---United States of America (1952-)
UZB---Uzbekistan (1992-)
V---Vatican City (?)
VN---Viet Nam (1953-)
WAC---Gold Coast (West Africa Gold Coast, 1932-59, see GH)
WAG---Gambia (West Africa Gambia, 1932-)
WAL---Sierra Leone (West Africa Sierra Leone, 1937-)
WAN---Nigeria (West Africa Nigeria, 1937-)
WD---Dominica (Windward islands Dominica, 1954-)
WG---Granada (Windward islands Granada, 1932-)
WL---St. Lucia (Windward islands St. Lucia, 1932-)
WS---Western Samoa (1962-)
WV---St. Vincent (Windward islands St. Vincent, 1932-)
Y---Yugoslavia (1936-52, see YU)
YE---Arab Republic of Yemen (?)
YAR---Yemen Arab Republic (1972?-?, see YE)
YMN---Yemen (?-72?, see YAR)
YU---Yugoslavia (1952-)
YV---Venezuela (origin unknown, 1955-)
Z---Zambia (1966-)
ZA---Union of South Africa (Zuid Afrika, 1936-)
ZM---Zimbabwe (1979-79, see ZW)
ZR---Zaire (1973-80, see ZRE)
ZRE---Zaire (1981-)
ZW---Zimbabwe (1979-)